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A period of residential development began with large detached houses in the north of the park. In , the Spencers attempted to get parliamentary permission  to enclose the common as a new park with a house and gardens and to sell part for building.
Following an enquiry, permission was refused and a board of conservators was established in to take ownership of the common and preserve it in its natural condition.
In the second half of the century, Wimbledon experienced a very rapid expansion of its population. From under 2, residents recorded in the census , the population grew by a minimum of 60 percent each decade up to , to increase fifteen-fold in fifty years.
Large numbers of villas and terraced houses were built along the roads from the centre towards neighbouring Putney, Merton Park and Raynes Park.
Transport links improved further with railway lines to Croydon Wimbledon and Croydon Railway, opened in and Tooting Tooting, Merton and Wimbledon Railway, opened in The District Railway now the London Underground District line extended its service over new tracks from Putney in The commercial and civic development of the town also accelerated.
Ely's department store opened in and shops began to stretch along Broadway towards Merton. Wimbledon built its first police station in Cultural developments included a Literary Institute by the early s and the opening of Wimbledon Library in The religious needs of the growing population led to an Anglican church-building programme, starting with the rebuilding of St Mary's Church in and the construction of Christ Church and Trinity Church The change of character of Wimbledon from village to small town was recognised under the Local Government Act , which formed Wimbledon Urban District with an elected council.
Wimbledon's population continued to grow in the early 20th century, as was recognised in , when the urban district was incorporated as the Municipal Borough of Wimbledon , with the power to select a Mayor.
By , Wimbledon had established the beginnings of the Wimbledon School of Art at the Gladstone Road Technical Institute and acquired its first cinema and the theatre.
Unusually, the facilities at its opening included Turkish baths. By the s, residential expansion had peaked in Wimbledon and the new focus for local growth had moved to neighbouring Morden , which had remained rural until the arrival of the Underground at Morden station in Wimbledon station was rebuilt by the Southern Railway with a simple Portland stone facade for the opening of a new railway branch line from Wimbledon to Sutton in In , the council built a new red brick and Portland stone Town Hall next to the station, on the corner of Queen's Road and Wimbledon Bridge.
Damage to housing stock in Wimbledon and other parts of London during the Second World War led to a final major building phase when many earlier Victorian houses with large grounds in Wimbledon Park were sub-divided into flats or demolished and replaced with apartment blocks.
Other parts of Wimbledon Park, which had previously escaped being built upon, saw local authority estates constructed by the borough council, to house some of those who had lost their homes.
Initially, the new administrative centre was at Wimbledon Town Hall, but it moved to the storey Crown House in Morden in the early s.
During the s and s, Wimbledon town centre struggled to compete commercially with more developed centres at Kingston and Sutton.
Part of the problem was the shortage of locations for large anchor stores to attract customers. After some years in which the council seemed unable to find a solution, The Centre Court shopping centre was developed on land next to the station, providing a much-needed focus, and opened in A new portico, in keeping with the old work, was designed by Sir George Grenfell-Baines , who had worked on the original designs over fifty years before.
Wimbledon lies in the southwest area of London , south of Wandsworth , west of Mitcham , north of Sutton and east of Kingston upon Thames , on the outskirts of Greater London.
It is 7 miles The area is identified in the London Plan as one of 35 major centres in Greater London. It is considered an affluent suburb with its grand Victorian houses, modern housing and low-rise apartments.
The majority of the adult population of around 68, adults belong to the ABC1 social group. Wimbledon is covered by several wards in the London Borough of Merton, making it difficult to produce statistics for the town as a whole.
At the time the Domesday Book was compiled around , Wimbledon was part of the manor of Mortlake. The manor of Wimbledon changed hands many times during its history.
Wimbledon formed the name of a larger borough of Wimbledon within the county of Surrey. In the businesses in Wimbledon voted to introduce a Business Improvement District.
In the s, at the bottom of the hill on land between the railway line and Worple Road, the All-England Croquet Club had begun to hold its annual championships.
But the popularity of croquet was waning as the new sport of lawn tennis began to spread, and after initially setting aside just one of its lawns for tennis, the club decided to hold its first Lawn Tennis Championship in July By , the popularity of tennis had grown to the extent that the club's small ground could no longer cope with the numbers of spectators and the renamed All England Lawn Tennis and Croquet Club moved to new grounds close to Wimbledon Park.
Wimbledon Village Stables is the oldest recorded riding stables in England. The late Richard Milward MA, a local historian, researched the background of horses in Wimbledon over the years and found that the first recorded stables belonged to the Lord of the Manor, and are detailed in the Estate's accounts of — It offers horse-riding lessons and hacks on Wimbledon Common and in Richmond Park.
In the Rev. Daniel Lysons published The Environs of London: being a historical account of the towns, villages, and hamlets, within twelve miles of that capital in which he wrote: "In the early part of the present century there were annual races upon this common, which had then a King's plate.
In the s, the newly formed National Rifle Association held its first competition on Wimbledon Common. The association and the annual competition grew rapidly and by the early s, rifle ranges were established on the common.
In the competitions were lasting two weeks and attracting nearly 2, competitors, housed in temporary camps set up across the common.
By the s, however, the power and range of rifles had advanced to the extent that shooting in an increasingly populated area was no longer considered safe.
Wimbledon has also been well known for another period of sporting fame. From a small, long-established non-League team, Wimbledon Football Club had from climbed quickly through the ranks of the Football League structure, reaching the highest national professional league in and winning the FA Cup against Liverpool in However, the proximity of other more established teams, such as Chelsea and Fulham and the small size of its ground meant that the club struggled to increase its fan base to the size needed to maintain a top-flight team.
In the team was relegated from the top division of English football after 14 years. Wimbledon moved into a stadium at Plough Lane in and played there for 79 years until beginning a ground share with Crystal Palace at Selhurst Park near Croydon , as their progress through the Football League meant that redeveloping Plough Lane to the required modern standards was impractical.
The stadium stood dormant for 10 years until it was finally demolished in A housing development now occupies the site. In May , an FA commission controversially allowed the owners of the club to relocate 70 miles north to the town of Milton Keynes in Buckinghamshire , despite protests from fans.
The club also won the Combined Counties League Premier Challenge Cup in and the Surrey Senior Cup in to complete consecutive league and cup doubles, in one of which finishing the season unbeaten in the league.
There is now a permanent display in Morden Library. The club returned to their namesake town permanently in November , moving to the newly built Plough Lane stadium.
For many years Wimbledon Stadium hosted to Greyhound racing , as well as Stock car racing and Speedway. Speedway began at Wimbledon Stadium in The local team, the "Dons" , was successful over the decades.
The track re-opened in and the Dons operated in the top flight for many years. In the Dons' last season, , the team finished second in The National Conference League, but after the collapse of lease-renewal talks with the Greyhound Racing Association owners of the stadium , the high increase in rent required meant the team was wound up.
The stadium was demolished in There are two active running clubs in Wimbledon called Hercules Wimbledon and the Wimbledon Windmilers.
Both clubs includes some top athletes as well as beginners. A Parkrun is held every Saturday morning. Mullholland as the Wimbledon Theatre, on the site of a large house with spacious grounds.
Simona Halep is the winner of the Ladies' Singles in It was her second Grand Slam Women's Singles title. It was his second Grand Slam title.
Robert Farah was part of the winning Men's Doubles team in It was his first Grand Slam title. This was her first Grand Slam title.
Su-Wei Hsieh was part of the winning Women's Doubles title in This was her third Grand Slam title.
Latisha Chan was part of the winning Mixed Doubles title in It was her third Grand Slam mixed doubles title. Ivan Dodig was part of the winning Mixed Doubles team in It was his third Grand Slam mixed doubles title.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Tennis tournament. Main article: Radio Wimbledon. Tennis portal London portal. This policy was abolished in Retrieved 2 July The New York Times.
Retrieved 17 July Federer said[:] 'I love playing with him, especially here at Wimbledon, the most prestigious tournament we have.
Britain and the Americas. BBC News. Retrieved 14 September Retrieved 25 June Opens—the former is by far the most prestigious one.
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World Tennis Magazine. Retrieved 8 June Barrett, John Robertson, Max Wimbledon — Arthur Barker. Tingay, Lance Guinness Superlatives.
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Official website. Grass outdoors [a]. Gentlemen's Singles. Novak Djokovic. Roger Federer. Ladies' Singles.Wimbledon Compendium 21st ed. Learn More in these related Britannica articles:. Martina Hingis Switz. Wimbledon are well into their digital transformation journey to a secure, resilient and open Cloud and are now realising the full benefits of its flexible architecture. The scale and resilience across 4 public and 3 private data centres, and ability for IBM to manage the environments remotely, Wimbledon's 'always on' environment usually scales. Welcome to Wimbledon on YouTube, your destination for everything that happens at The All England Lawn Tennis Club (Championships). We will be bringing you in. Wimbledon Stripe Logo Baseball Cap - Midnight. Regular Price £ Special Price £ Quick view. Recycled Collection. Men's Recycled Activewear T-Shirt - White & Blue. As low as £ Sort By. Set Descending Direction. Products. You have viewed 24 of